Jewish mementos in Gyr-Moson-Sopron Comitatus

Szany

Cemetery

The Jewish cemetery of Szany can be reached on a servitude road crossing the Rkczi u.16 property.

We then reach a Jewish cemetery of 1000 m2 holding 26 tombstones. Three of them no longer have the actual stone, merely the foundations remain. Of the names on the tombstones 35 are Hebrew, two are Hungarian, Farkas and Hegeds. There had been three great Jewish dynasties in Szany: Weiss, Krausz and Steiner.
At the beginning of World War II there had been around 50 Jews living here, roughly 8 families. All of them were deported, only a few returned. Among them the Jewish doctor of the village but he could not cope with the trauma of the atrocities and committed suicide.
Jews first settled in Szany towards the end of the 19th century. The famous Szany costume would be unimaginable without them, it was the Jewish merchants that delivered the fabrics of which the costumes were sewn. The exact date the cemetery opened can only be guessed, it must have been some 30 years after the begin of Jewish settlement in Szany, when the first generation to live here died out. It is estimated to be in the 20s to 30s of the 20th century.The Szany orthodox Jewish cemetery was evidently no longer used after the Second World War, the Jewish doctor who had returned from the concentration camps and then committed suicide is buried at the Catholic cemetery. There had also been a synagogue in Szany, nowadays there is a residential building on its former site. Only the elderly remember the synagogue.

by Johannes Scholem Graf & Alexandra Vogt

2012.05.31