DESTROYED JEWISH COMMUNITY: GATTENDORF
The Jewish community of GATTENDORF (1885 associated with Kittsee)
There is a high probability that the Jewish community of Gattendorf was
established during the period of the kuruc uprisings (1704-1709) or shortly
after (but no later than 1712). The majority of the new Jewish residents came
probably from Preßburg (Bratislava). The first traces of Jews in Gattendorf are
from 1720. In 1764, 18 Jewish families lived in the former
'Schloßberg'-manorial farm ('Schloßberg'-Meierhof) (In addition to the castle
and the manorial farm of the Esterházy family, there was also the castle and
the manorial farm of the Schloßberg family), who had to pay protection money to
the Esterházy manor.
The Jewish residents lived on rural retail trade and the trade with
agricultural products and commodities. Jewish craftsmen were also residents of
Kittsee, for example, carpenters, distillers, locksmiths, shoemakers, tailors,
and furriers. They occupied small flatlets in the so-called 'Schloßberg Jew
Courtyard' ('Schloßbergschen Judenhof') which consisted in most cases only of
one chamber. The flat of the kosher butcher and the meat market (Fleischbank, an
old word for meat market) were also situated in the former
'Schloßberg'-manorial farm ('Schloßberg'-Meierhof).
Return migration after 1945: None
Traces which are still visible today:
The synagogue stood in the courtyard of the 'Schloßberg'-manorial farm
('Schloßberg'-Meierhof), it was constructed from stone respectively bricks and
covered with shingles. It was renovated in 1806. A ritual bathhouse was attached
to the synagogue. In the second half of the 19th century a new synagogue was
constructed on the same place.
The burial ground
with an area of 2,733m² lies outside of Gattendorf. Since the middle of the
19th century it also served as a burial site for the population of the
surrounding villages of Nickelsdorf und Neudörfl.
by Johannes Scholem Graf