Memorials of the Hungarian Jewish forced laborers murdered

A large number of Hungarian Jews died when forced to work on the building of the Southeastern ridge in 1944/45 and in the death marches starting in March 1945. There were executions and mass murders in many towns along the Burgenland-Hungarian border. Unknown and unmarked graves line the route of the “death march”. To this day many of these crimes have not been clarified and only few memorials testify to the suffering of the Hungarian Jews.

Eisenstadt

The remains of the Hungarian Jewish victims of Zumdorf (123 victims), Siegendorf (67 victims), Neudörfl area and Güssing area (39 victims) were buried in the newer Jewish cemetery of Eisenstadt by the National Association of Israeli Religious Communities.

Deutschkreutz

265 Jews murdered in 1945 by the Nazis were buried in the Jewish cemetery of Deutschkreutz.

Schattendorf

The Israeli religious community of Vienna erected a memorial here for the 26 Hungarian Jews who died here in the beginning of 1945 when forced to do hard labor for the Nazis.

Neudörfl

On November 1, 2006 three memorial plaques for the victims of the Nazi regime were put up at the local cemetery in Neudörfl. One of them makes reference to the Hungarian Jewish laborers.

Rechnitz

Memorial Kreuzstadl

Around 180 Jewish Hungarian laborers were murdered near Kreuzstadl in March 1945. The R.E.F.U.G.I.U.S. - Rechnitzer Flüchtlings- und Gedenkinitiative- organization wants to preserve Kreuzstadl as a memorial for all the victims of the building of the Southeast ridge. Since 1995 there have been annual memorial services which were attended by representatives of the religious communities of Vienna or Graz, as well as a delegation from the religious community of Zalaegerszeg.

On November 2, 1991 a memorial stone was put up in the castle gardens of Rechnitz for the victims of the Kreuzstadl massacre of March 1945 and for the four fighters in the resistance. In 2006 this stone was replaced by a new memorial which commemorates the fallen soldiers and the victims of the Nazis.

In the middle of the Jewish cemetery in Rechnitz there is a tomb monument in memory of the eight Jewish Hungarian forced laborers whose graves had been relocated from Kalch in the Neuhaus am Klausenbach area to this cemetery in 1988.

Deutsch Schützen

In the Martin church and the forest by the church in Deutsch Schützen there are mementos in memory of the mass execution of 57 Jewish Hungarian laborers on March 29, 1945.
Queries by the Israeli religious community of Vienna supported also by the ministry of the interior and Walter Pagler (of the Schalom organization) led to the discovery of the mass grave in Deutsch Schützen 50 years later on August 23, 1995.
The tomb monument on the fenced premises was inaugurated with a religious service on June 25, 1996.

You can find extensive photo documentation of memorials of Jewish life in Burgenland at www.erinnerungszeichen.at

by Johannes Scholem Graf Helped in editing: Yohanan Loeffler

2011.11.01